PARK CITY: He is best known as the hunky, sea-dwelling superhero "Aquaman," but actor Jason Momoa brought a stark and sober warning about the perils of deep-sea mining to the Sundance film festival on Friday (Jan 20).
The Hawaiian-born A-lister narrates "Deep Rising", a new documentary about the frenzied efforts by resource-hungry corporations to scrape valuable metals from vast swathes of the Pacific floor.
Supporters of deep-sea mining claim that pellets of nickel and cobalt - used in electric car batteries - can be conveniently scooped off the seabed, helping reduce our fossil fuel reliance.
But conservation groups and scientists fear this could devastate poorly understood marine systems that play a crucial role in regulating the climate, and some nations have called for bans.
"There's moments where I cried and got emotional" narrating the film, Momoa told AFP, before its world premiere at the festival in Utah.
"It's very important, using your power for good. It's all the things I'm passionate about," added the actor, who took marine biology courses as a student, and is a UN Environment Program advocate for the oceans.
The documentary follows key players in the fledgling industry including The Metals Company, a Canadian group pushing to mine the Clarion Clipperton Zone - a vast expanse of the seafloor near Hawaii.
The film goes behind-the-scenes as its chief executive Gerard Barron courts wealthy investors with promises that little harm will be done to "the most barren, desolate part of the planet", in contrast to the devastation that ongoing mining is causing rainforests.
But "Deep Rising" director Matthieu Rytz told AFP that "we know so little" about the real risk to the deep ocean.
"Extraction on the seafloor, it's just a rush, because we don't have enough science to really understand what's happening there," he said.
"THE NEW OIL"
Still, The Metals Company has said it expects to be mining 10 million tons of material from the ocean floor every year, starting in 2025.
And it is just one of about 20 research institutes or corporations that hold ocean exploration contracts, awaiting the go-ahead to begin commercial-scale mining.
Rytz's film argues that the energy crisis has no "silver bullet" and that the brewing race to harvest critical metals is not a solution but "the new oil" could trigger future resource wars.
It shows meetings of the International Seabed Authority, described by Rytz as an "obscure room in Kingston, Jamaica" where delegates decide "the future of 65 per cent of the planet's surface".
"This is beyond national jurisdiction. It's the high seas," said Rytz.
"It belongs to all of us or none of us."
Rytz speaks in the film with scientists who argue that alternative clean, more abundant energy sources such as hydrogen should be explored for car engines, or that transport options such as high-speed rail should be expanded.
"We don't need these metals in the first place," he said.
"The places we're going to be mining, it's total damage. There's no half damage. It's like clear-cutting a rainforest."
For Momoa watching the film, "you're supposed to question things".
"You're supposed to sit down and have breakfast, talk about stuff and go, 'We need to rethink everything."