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Bethlehem welcomes pilgrims for Christmas celebrations

Bethlehem welcomes pilgrims for Christmas celebrations

A young Christian worshipper kisses a 14-pointed silver star, believed to be the exact spot where Jesus Christ was born, at the grotto in the Church of the Nativity in the biblical West Bank city of Bethlehem on Dec 23, 2019. (Photo: AHMAD GHARABLI / AFP)

BETHLEHEM, Palestinian Territories: Pilgrims from around the world gathered on Tuesday (Dec 24) in the biblical city of Bethlehem, revered by Christians as the birthplace of Jesus, ushering in Christmas celebrations across the globe.

Thousands of Palestinians and foreigners converged on the "little town" in the Israeli-occupied West Bank, with Christmas Eve festivities taking place in and around the Church of the Nativity.

Christian pilgrims pray in the Grotto of the Church of the Nativity on Christmas Eve in the biblical West Bank city of Bethlehem on Dec 24, 2019. (Photo: AFP/Musa Al SHAER)

Archbishop Pierbattista Pizzaballa, apostolic administrator of the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem and the most senior Roman Catholic official in the Middle East, arrived from the holy city at the head of a procession.

Palestinian scouts perform during a parade at the Manger Square outside the Church of the Nativity in the biblical West Bank city of Bethlehem on Dec 24, 2019 ahead of the arrival of the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem. (Photo: HAZEM BADER / AFP)

Bethlehem is close to Jerusalem, but cut off from the holy city by Israel's separation barrier.

After crossing through the wall, Pizzaballa said it was a difficult time but there was reason for "hope".

"We see in this period the weakness of politics, enormous economic problems, unemployment, problems in families," he said.

"On the other side, when I visit families, parishes, communities, I see a lot of commitment ... for the future.

"Christmas is for us to celebrate the hope."

Palestinians wearing Christmas costumes stand with protest signs against Israeli politicians and the occupation by a barbed-wire section of Israel's controversial separation barrier near the village of Wallajeh, west of the biblical city of Bethlehem in the occupied West Bank, on Dec 23, 2019. (Photo: Musa Al SHAER / AFP)

In the square outside the church, a few thousand people watched in the winter sun as Palestinian scouts paraded in front of a 15-metre Christmas tree.

"The church is beautiful and it puts what we know in the Bible (in) place," said Laneda, an American tourist visiting the site.

"Everything is just very meaningful."

As evening fell, crowds thinned as the church closed to tourists ahead of midnight mass, which Pizzaballa was to lead, with Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas expected to attend.

Pope Francis was set to address the world's 1.3 billion Catholics late on Tuesday evening.

'BUMPY YEAR'

The first church was built on the site of Jesus's birth in the fourth century, though it was replaced after a fire in the sixth century.

This year celebrations were bolstered by the return of a wooden fragment believed to be from the manger of Jesus.

Sent as a gift to Pope Theodore I in 640, the piece had been in Europe for more than 1,300 years before being returned last month, Francesco Patton, chief custodian for the Holy Land, said.

"We venerate the relic because (it) reminds us of the mystery of incarnation, to the fact that the son of God was born of Mary in Bethlehem more than 2,000 years ago," Patton told AFP at the time.

In the square by the church, Palestinian tourism minister Rula Maaya told AFP it had been a good year, with 3.5 million tourists visiting the city.

But fewer Christians from the Gaza Strip were in attendance than in previous years, as Israel granted permits to just around 200 of the around 900 people who applied, said Wadie Abunassar, an adviser to church leaders in the Holy Land.

The Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza are separated by Israeli territory and crossing between them requires hard-to-get permits.

Palestinians wearing Christmas costumes distribute gifts to children seated atop the rubble of a house demolished by Israel reportedly for not being built with official licensing in the village of al-Khader, west of the biblical city of Bethlehem in the occupied West Bank, on Dec 23, 2019. (Photo: Musa Al SHAER / AFP)

Around the world, people were getting ready to ring in the Christmas festivities.

In her traditional Christmas Day message, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II was to describe 2019 as "quite bumpy" after a year of crises in the royal family.

In France, travellers were meanwhile in for more woe in the bitter nearly-three week strike by train drivers fighting government pension reform plans.

Police and anti-riot Gendarmes mobiles stand in position as railway workers demonstrate outside the Gare de Lyon train station in Paris. (DOMINIQUE FAGET/AFP)

The walkout has ruined Christmas travel plans for tens of thousands of French ticket holders unable to reach loved ones in time for Christmas Day.

A frantic scramble for gift promotions left a dozen people injured in an Australian mall.

But in Hong Kong chaos broke out in an upscale mall after pro-democracy protesters planned a series of Christmas Ever demonstrations.

And in the central Philippines, where Christmas is widely celebrated among the country's Catholics, thousands of people were warned to leave their homes as a severe tropical storm approached.

Source: AFP/jt

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