SACRAMENTO: The two dozen students who signed up for air pollution expert James Goldstene's advanced environmental studies class all say they are deeply passionate about fighting climate change.
But when it comes to voting in the US presidential election, many said climate change was not their top issue.
Their priorities ahead of the Nov 3 election reflect those of the wider electorate: The battered US economy, the COVID-19 pandemic and racial justice.
"I know everybody’s biggest issue right now within this class is environment. And it’s super important to me but another thing that I feel is more important personally because I'm an African-American woman is race," said Kelia Surrency, 23.
"The environment is 100 per cent important to me, but I need someone in that office that doesn't look at the Black community as lesser-than."
Many in the class at California State University, Sacramento, were having trouble finding entry-level jobs or internships in the COVID-19-wracked economy, said Goldstene, a former top California air pollution regulator.
"With COVID-19 going on and a lot of people losing their jobs and struggling, worrying about how they are going to pay for stuff. I think that does overshadow climate," said another student, Enrique Dominguez, 23.
The students' views illustrate how climate change, even when an issue of great voter concern, is eclipsed by other problems.
"Our attention span is limited," said Joe Arvai, director of the Wrigley Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Southern California. "Unless your house is on fire, you're not going to be experiencing climate change firsthand."
Only 7 per cent of likely voters aged 34 and under named environment and climate as their top concern in choosing a president, according to a Reuters/Ipsos poll conducted between Sep 29 and Oct 13. Among likely voters of all ages, only 4per cent prioritized climate and environment.
By comparison, COVID-19 was the top concern for 25 per cent of young voters, while jobs and the economy were named by 20 per cent.
TRUMP VERSUS BIDEN
Nevertheless, Democratic candidate Joe Biden has made climate change a campaign priority, his campaign said.
The campaign sees young voters as important to Biden's chances of winning the election - a major challenge given the typically low turnout by the demographic. In 2016, turnout among voters under the age of 30 was about 46 per cent, according to the US Census Bureau. By comparison, 71 per cent of those 65 and older voted.
Aware of voters' worries about the economy, public health and systemic racism, Biden's campaign has wrapped environmental issues into a broader discussion of green jobs and a healthier environment.
"When you look at a really deep issue like climate, there’s no way to separate it in your solution from the interconnected and overlapping issues like job creation, economic growth, prosperity and also health," said climate activist and billionaire Tom Steyer, who is advising Biden on environmental issues.
Biden has endorsed a US$2 trillion plan to promote clean energy and repair infrastructure.
His campaign has released several digital ads aimed at young people that mention climate, mostly in the context of other issues. An online youth engagement meeting focused heavily on jobs and the economy.
Biden's campaign released a television ad focusing exclusively on climate, but it was aimed at farmers rather than young people.
"Joe Biden recognizes that our country is grappling with four intersecting crises — the raging pandemic, economic collapse, persistent racial injustice, and existential threat of climate change — and is exactly why he has outlined an integrated, ambitious, and bold agenda to ensure we tackle these crises together," said spokesman Matt Hill.
President Donald Trump has sought to frame Biden's climate plans as a radical leftist agenda that would cost too much and hurt economic growth. By contrast, his campaign has said it would continue to ease business restrictions to boost the economy.
His campaign has also invoked the environment, arguing that Trump's pro-industry policies have led to lower carbon emissions.
"President Trump’s record on the environment proves you can have energy independence and a clean, healthy environment without destroying the economy, overregulating, or burdening American taxpayers," Trump spokeswoman Samantha Zager said. "The president will continue to rely on policies of innovation and competition.”
The emissions reductions noted by Trump's campaign were driven largely by the retirement of coal plants. Air quality also continued to improve under Trump following the same trajectory as in previous Republican and Democratic administrations.
It would be a mistake to ignore young voters' concerns about the environment, said Ben Wessel, head of the youth outreach group NextGen America founded by Steyer. Stronger campaign messages on climate could draw more young voters to the polls, he said.
That could be the case for Goldstene's student Michaela Gallagher, 24. Alarmed by climate change, she says she is leaning toward casting a ballot for the Democrat because she feels he will do more than Trump for the environment. But she also might vote for a third-party candidate or skip voting.
"I'm all over the place about it," she said.