ATLANTA: Civil rights groups intensified their legal fight against Georgia's new voting restrictions with a third federal lawsuit, while Atlanta-based corporations Delta Air Lines and Coca-Cola continued to face boycott calls from activists who say they need to do more to oppose the law.
The Republican-backed law, which Governor Brian Kemp signed last week, strengthened identification requirements for absentee ballots, gave lawmakers the power to take over local elections, sharply limited the use of ballot drop boxes, shortened early voting periods for runoffs and made it a misdemeanour for members of the public to offer food and water to voters waiting in line.
The lawsuit filed in US District Court in Atlanta late on Monday called the law "an attack on democracy itself" and argued that the cumulative effect of many of the provisions would force more residents to vote in person on Election Day.
"For some Georgians, this inconvenience may be manageable," the lawsuit reads. "But for voters of color and other historically disenfranchised communities - who already suffer through disproportionately longer lines than white voters - it could be dramatic."
The complaint was brought by the Southern Poverty Law Center, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund on behalf of several grassroots groups, including the Sixth District of the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), which includes more than 500 churches in Georgia, and the historically Black sorority Delta Sigma Theta.
The state already faces two other similar lawsuits brought by civil rights groups over the law.
Republican lawmakers in several other political battlegrounds, including Florida and Arizona, are pursuing voting restrictions as well, which they say are aimed at curbing fraud.
Delta and Coca-Cola, both headquartered in Atlanta, have faced boycott calls on social media from critics who say the companies have not taken a forceful enough stand against the restrictions.
"While we are disappointed in the outcome, we don't see this as the final chapter," Coca-Cola said in a statement released on Monday. The company said it would "continue to press for improvements to Georgia's election laws in future sessions."
Delta Chief Executive Ed Bastian said in a statement on Friday that the airline had "engaged extensively with state elected officials in both parties to express our strong view that Georgia must have a fair and secure election process" and that the legislation had "improved considerably" during legislative deliberations.
"Nonetheless, we understand concerns remain," Bastian said.
In an open letter on Monday, Bernice King, the daughter of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., criticized the Atlanta business community for its "shocking silence," especially after last year's civil unrest prompted a national reckoning on race.
The letter was also signed by the sons of two other civil rights icons: John-Miles Lewis, the son of the late congressman John Lewis, and Al Vivian, the son of the late Reverend CT Vivian.
Democrats won Georgia in November's presidential election for the first time in decades and then followed it up by sweeping two US Senate races in January, giving the party narrow control of Congress.
Republican former President Donald Trump has claimed falsely that his loss to Democratic President Joe Biden was due to massive voter fraud, including in Georgia.
Multiple state recounts found no significant irregularities.