WASHINGTON: Democrats begin formally making their case on Wednesday (Feb 10) that former President Donald Trump should be convicted for inciting the United States Capitol siege, a day after a divided Senate concluded his impeachment trial could proceed even though Trump has already left office.
The House of Representatives has charged Trump with inciting an insurrection after he delivered a fiery speech on Jan 6 exhorting thousands of supporters to march on the Capitol, where members of Congress were gathered to certify President Joe Biden's electoral victory.
In an assault that stunned the world, rioters stormed the building in a futile effort to stop Biden's win, sending lawmakers into hiding and leaving five people dead, including a police officer.
On Tuesday, the Senate voted largely along party lines that the impeachment trial could move ahead even though Trump's term ended on Jan 20. Six out of 50 Republican senators broke with their caucus to side with Democrats.
The outcome suggests Democrats face long odds in securing a conviction and barring Trump from ever again seeking public office. A two-thirds majority in the Senate must vote to convict, which means at least 17 Republicans would have to defy Trump's still-potent popularity among Republican voters.
The trial is unfolding inside the Senate chamber, where senators now serving as jurors were forced to flee for their safety a month ago as a mob broke into the building.
Nine Democratic House members acting as Trump's prosecutors began the proceedings on Tuesday by airing a graphic video that interspersed excerpts of Trump's speech with scenes from the attack, including clips of police officers under assault and a rioter fatally shot by authorities.
The Democrats accused Trump of committing an unforgivable offence by encouraging his backers to block the peaceful transfer of power, a hallmark of American democracy.
"If that's not an impeachable offence, then there's no such thing," said US Representative Jamie Raskin, who delivered an emotional speech recounting how he became separated from his daughter and son-in-law during the violence.
Trump's lawyers argued that the former president's rhetoric, including repeated false claims that the election was stolen, is protected by the First Amendment's guarantee of free speech, and that the individuals who breached the Capitol, not Trump, were responsible for their own criminal behaviour.
The lawyers sought to portray the trial as a sham, asserting that Democrats had weaponised impeachment to end Trump's political career while ignoring basic principles of fairness and due process.
"We are really here because the majority in the House of Representatives does not want to face Donald Trump as a political rival in the future," Bruce Castor, one of Trump's lawyers, told senators.
The Democratic-led House impeached Trump one week after the riot, making him only the third US president to be impeached and the first to be impeached twice.
Trump's first impeachment trial, which stemmed from his efforts to pressure Ukraine to investigate Biden during the presidential campaign, ended in an acquittal a year ago in what was then a Republican-controlled Senate.
Party leaders have agreed on a fast-moving schedule that could lead to a vote on conviction or acquittal by early next week. Some Democrats had expressed concern that a prolonged trial could delay progress on Biden's agenda, including a proposed US$1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief package.
Biden will not watch much of the trial, White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said this week, adding that he is focused on the pandemic rather than his predecessor's fate.
When asked by reporters on Monday, the president declined to say whether he believed Trump should be convicted.