WASHINGTON: United States lawmakers on Tuesday (May 18) sent an anti-hate Bill to President Joe Biden's desk that aims to prevent violence against Asian Americans, following an alarming rise in attacks including murders during the coronavirus pandemic.
The House of Representatives passed the COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act with a strong bipartisan vote of 364 to 62, weeks after it cleared the Senate with nearly unanimous support.
Biden backs the legislation, which will speed up reviews of COVID-related hate crimes against Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI), expand public awareness about the problem, and provide state and local governments with guidance on how to combat hate crimes.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said it was critical to send a unified message on the importance of strengthening the nation's defences against anti-AAPI violence.
"Together, these steps will make a significant difference to address hate crimes in America - not only during this pandemic, but for years to come," Pelosi said on the House floor.
White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki tweeted that Biden "looks forward to signing this important legislation into law at the White House later this week".
More than 6,600 incidences of anti-AAPI discrimination and violence were reported between March 2020 and March 2021, Pelosi said.
Seniors have been attacked and businesses vandalised, while videos have shown Asian Americans getting stabbed, beaten up and otherwise confronted in public spaces.
"These attacks are even more shameful in light of the heroism of our AAPI community during the pandemic," Pelosi said, noting the large numbers of Asian Americans serving as emergency responders and health care providers.
The worst attack came in March in Georgia, where a 21-year-old man was arrested and charged in the murder of eight people including six women of Asian origin who worked at massage parlours in and around Atlanta.