CHARLOTTE, North Carolina: Banking conglomerate Citigroup said its fourth quarter profits fell by 7 per cent, but like its competitor JPMorgan Chase, the bank saw improvement from the darkest days of the pandemic shutdowns.
The New York-based bank said it earned a profit of US$4.63 billion, down from a profit of US$4.97 billion in the same period a year earlier. On a per-share basis, Citi earned a profit of US$2.08 a share, which was significantly better than the US$1.35 per share that analysts forecast.
Citi was able to “release” roughly US$1.5 billion in loan-loss reserves in the quarter, which reflected the bank's economic outlook and the fact the economy - while still precarious at best - is better than where it was in March and April during the worst of the economic shutdowns. The amount set aside for potentially bad loans remains elevated, however, at US$25 billion, about double what it was at the end of 2019.
When banks release loan-loss reserves, it goes immediately to their bottom line in the quarter they do so, but it's not profits in the strictest sense of the word. It's funds that a bank set aside previously to cover potentially bad loans - an accounting equivalent of escrow - that are freed up when they are no longer needed.
Citi had a strong quarter in its investment banking division, similar to what happened with JPMorgan Chase. Net income for the bank's institutional clients group was US$3.65 billion, up from US$2.87 billion a year earlier. Most of that came from the bank's trading desks, who reported a 13 per cent increase in revenues.