WASHINGTON: The election scrambled seats in the House and Senate but ultimately left Congress much like it began, deeply split as voters resisted big changes despite the heated race at the top of the ticket for the White House.
It’s an outcome that dampens Democratic demands for a bold new agenda, emboldens Republicans and almost ensures partisan gridlock regardless of who wins the presidency. Or perhaps, as some say, it provides a rare opening for modest across-the-aisle cooperation.
Speaker Nancy Pelosi was on track to keep control of the Democratic House, but saw her majority shrinking and her leadership called into question.
Republicans' control of the Senate tilted their way as GOP senators fended off an onslaught of energised challengers, though a few races remained undecided on Wednesday (Nov 4).
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said on Wednesday he was confident “no matter who ends up running the government” they’ll be “trying to overcome all that and get results”.
One certainty is the upended projections will force a rethinking of polling, fundraising and the very messages the parties use to reach voters in the Trump era and beyond.
“Our purpose in this race was to win so that we could protect the Affordable Care Act and so that we could crush the virus,” Pelosi said earlier this week.
But the dismal outcome for Democrats put the brakes on the ambitious plans for legislative overhauls of health care, infrastructure and racial justice pushed by the party, eager for a sweep of Washington government.
Even if Democrats capture the White House with Joe Biden and a narrowly split Senate, Pelosi's leverage to force deal-making on her terms will be diminished by her House losses.
If Donald Trump wins another term, his Republican allies particularly in the Senate will likely feel more comfortable sticking with him after escaping an electoral wipeout, though they have yet to outline a GOP agenda.
Scott Jennings, a Republican strategist close to McConnell, said win or lose Trump “reorganised the political parties” turning Republicans, not Democrats, into the party of “working-class” America.
“Democrats have a lot to think about when it comes to those voters,” Jennings said. “And Republicans have a lot to think about enacting policies germane to those voters.”
Most immediately, a COVID-19 relief Bill remains within reach, as the pandemic blazes through the states. McConnell said he would also like to negotiate a big spending Bill to keep the government running past a mid-December deadline.
Pelosi and Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer were notably quiet on Wednesday.
House Republicans picked up five seats, so far, deflating Pelosi's plans to reach deep into Trump country by making rare gains with women and minority candidates.
Republicans defeated several Democratic freshmen who delivered the House majority in 2018 in a backlash against Trump, by linking them to their most liberal members, including Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, and branding them all as “socialist”.
“We expanded this party that reflects America, that looks like America,” said House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy, in a conference call with reporters.
A handful of new progressives will be coming to Washington to join House Democrats, while Republicans will see new right-flank members, including Marjorie Taylor Greene, who has espoused unfounded QAnon conspiracy theories and won a vacant seat in northwest Georgia. Trump has called Greene a “future Republican star”.
While Democrats picked up must-win seats in Colorado and Arizona, they suffered a setback in Alabama, and Republicans held their own in one race after another – in South Carolina, Maine, Iowa, Texas, Kansas and Montana, dramatically limiting Democrats’ hopes of making inroads.
“I know folks are anxious,” Democratic Senator Chris Murphy told followers on a live Twitter video. “We need to count the votes.”
The races attracted an unprecedented outpouring of small-dollar donations for Democrats from Americans apparently voting with their pocketbooks to propel long-shot campaigns.
“You wasted a lot of money,” said White House ally Senator Lindsey Graham in Columbia, South Carolina, after defeating Jamie Harrison, despite the Democrat’s stunning US$100 million haul for his upstart campaign.
Still, Republican strategist Steven Law, president of the Senate Leadership Fund, which supports GOP senators, said future candidates are going to have to step up their own fundraising.
“There's still a dinosaur mentality out there,” he said.
McConnell also warned of the continued problems Republicans face in the Trump era as voters turn away from the GOP.
“We need to win back the suburbs,” McConnell said. "We had a better election than most people thought we'd have, but we have improvements we need to make.”
Republicans believe Democrats erred by focusing almost exclusively on the COVID-19 crisis and the risks to Americans' healthcare as Trump and the GOP try to unravel the Obama-era Affordable Care Act.
Voters care almost as much about the economy, they said.
According to AP VoteCast, a national survey of the electorate, voters ranked the pandemic and the economy as top concerns.
“It’s time for a different approach,” said Democrat John Hickenlooper, a former governor who unseated Republican Senator Cory Gardner in Colorado.
Yet voters, for the most part, stuck with the status quo.
Securing the Senate majority will be vital for the winner of the presidency. Senators confirm administration nominees, including for the Cabinet, and can propel or stall the White House agenda.
With Republicans now controlling the chamber, 53-47, three or four seats will determine party control, depending on who wins the presidency because the vice president can break a tie in the Senate.
The final breakdown awaited the outcome of races in Alaska, Michigan and North Carolina, where Republican Senator Thom Tillis has struggled against Democrat Cal Cunningham, despite the married challenger’s sexting scandal with a public relations strategist.
In Georgia, two seats were being contested and at least one is headed to a runoff after no candidate reached the 50 per cent threshold to win.
GOP Senator Kelly Loeffler will face Democrat Raphael Warnock, a black pastor at the church where the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr preached, in the Jan 5 runoff special election for the seat Loeffler was tapped to fill for retired Senator Johnny Isakson.
In the other Georgia race, GOP Senator David Perdue, the former business executive Trump calls his favorite senator, tried to stave off Democrat Jon Ossoff. It, too, could go to a runoff.
In the presidential battleground of Michigan, Republicans made an aggressive push for John James, a black businessman trying to unseat Democratic Senator Gary Peters.