Better accessibility for persons with disabilities set out in Enabling Masterplan for 2030
SINGAPORE: Making buildings, road crossings and government websites easier for people with disabilities (PWDs) to navigate – this is one of the key planks of the latest Enabling Masterplan launched on Wednesday (Aug 17).
From this year on, the Ministry of Transport and Land Transport Authority will install 24/7 on-demand audible traffic signals at 325 pedestrian crossings in 10 town centres that have a higher proportion of residents with visual impairment.
And all buildings going through additions or alterations will soon be required by law to provide basic accessibility for PWDs throughout the building when the works are undertaken.
The Government will also work towards ensuring that all high-traffic government websites are accessible by 2030, up from the current 61 per cent.
These are just three of 29 recommendations in the fourth iteration of the Enabling Masterplan. The roadmap to 2030 has three strategic themes, one of which is to create physical and social environments that are inclusive to PWDs.
This means not just improving accessibility to transport and physical spaces, but also online spaces, healthcare, sports, arts & heritage and the community, said the Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF).
The other two strategic themes are to strengthen support for lifelong learning for PWDs and enabling PWDs to live independently.
Senior Parliamentary Secretary for Social and Family Development Eric Chua, who co-chairs the steering committee that put together the masterplan, said that the committee had conversations with more than 300 PWDs, caregivers and professionals in the disability sector to find out what else can be done to help PWDs in Singapore achieve their potential.
These insights went into the eight-year plan, which is three years longer than earlier masterplans that were five years each in duration.
Mr Chua said that this allows the stakeholders to take a longer-term approach to the initiatives proposed.
“It doesn't mean that the plan that we have announced today is going to be set in stone … In fact, we do see quite a bit of scope for us to evolve,” he said at the launch of the masterplan at social service agency AWWA’s new home and day activity centre which will start operations in September.
“I think things will change along the way … perceptions change and at the same time, technologies change as well.”
HELPING MORE PWDS FIND JOBS
He noted that the previous three masterplans have resulted in investment in early intervention and education for children with special needs, improving employment for PWDs, and that public transport infrastructure is now far more accessible for PWDs.
Building on that, the fourth masterplan will take a more comprehensive look at a PWD’s life journey, their quality of life and try to empower and enable them and their caregivers, he said.
For example, many were concerned about what happens to PWDs after they complete their education, and there were questions on how to assist PWDs to live more independently.
To address the former, the steering committee recommended expanding the range and capacity of services for PWDs after the age of 18, as well as better support for training, lifelong learning and inclusive employment.
The report also set goals which the committee said were “aspirational” in nature: One of which is to raise the proportion of PWDs in employment to 40 per cent, from the current 30.1 per cent.
This means matching jobs and providing employment support to about 10,000 more PWDs.
It will also look at enhancing support for them to work in jobs according to their interests and abilities, and develop alternative employment models such as micro-jobs.
Mr Gan Seow Kee, the vice-chair of the Singapore Business Federation and co-chair of the steering committee, said that it’s important to change employers’ and the public’s mindset that hiring PWDs is difficult.
Employers may not be aware that there are many support programmes available to companies, he said.
“We need employers to consider persons with disabilities as part and parcel of the total employee pool that’s available to them … that it’s not that big a hurdle to cross,” he said.
LIVE AND AGE IN THE COMMUNITY
To help them have more options for living in the community, MSF said it will work with the Ministry of National Development to design and implement alternative housing and care models that allow PWDs to live and age in place in the community.
This will help to address a key challenge identified in the masterplan – an ageing disability population.
MSF will also pilot Enabling Services Hubs in the community so that PWDs can have social and learning activities near them. For a start, there will be one hub, and more details will be announced later.
Mr Chua said that, on the whole, the masterplan wants to engender a more inclusive Singapore by the year 2030, and for PWDs to be able to actively participate in community life.
He noted that most people in Singapore have positive attitudes towards PWDs, but society can take one more step to translate the positive attitude into behaviour and how people interact with PWDs.
“I think being inclusive, at the end of the day, is also … about changing mindsets,” he said.
“It takes a little bit to find out more about what is appropriate behaviour, what is (an) appropriate reaction to PWDs and their caregivers around us, to show a little bit more concern.”
He added: “I'm happy to share that the recommendations have been accepted by the Government, actually for now, the work starts for us.”
The masterplan was drafted by a 27-member steering committee co-chaired by Mr Chua and Mr Gan. The full report can be found at here.