Cost-of-living cash payout, higher buyer's stamp duty: 7 things you need to know about Budget 2023
From a cost-of-living special payout to longer government-paid paternity leave, here are seven key announcements from this year's Budget speech.
SINGAPORE: In his Budget speech this year, Deputy Prime Minister Lawrence Wong noted the challenges that Singapore has to face, including inflationary pressures.
While there are early signs that global headline inflation rates are softening, the Government expects Singapore's headline inflation to remain high for at least the first half of this year, Mr Wong, who is also Finance Minister, said in Parliament on Tuesday (Feb 14).
The Government is hence rolling out a slew of measures targeted at softening the impact of inflation on the cost of living.
Here are seven things to know about this year's Budget speech.
1. Cushioning the effects of inflation
The Government will hand out a one-time "cost-of-living special payment" to eligible Singaporeans who are 21 and above this year, have annual assessable income below S$100,000 and do not own more than one property.
The payments range from S$200 to S$400, depending on how much income the individual earns. The payment will be disbursed in June to around 2.5 million adult Singaporeans.
All Singaporean households will also get another S$300 in Community Development Council (CDC) vouchers in January 2024.
Singaporeans will also get higher cash payouts under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Voucher scheme.
Those residing in homes with annual values of S$13,000 and below will have an increased GSTV Cash quantum from S$500 to S$700 this year, and to S$850 from next year.
For those living in homes with annual values of above S$13,000 to S$21,000, the cash payout will rise from S$250 to S$350 this year and to S$450 from next year.
As part of the Assurance Package, about 2.9 million adult Singaporeans will get between S$700 and S$2,250 in total over the five years of the package, an increase of up to S$650 from the earlier announced support.
2. Helping families achieve housing aspirations
Housing grants for first-timer families buying resale flats will increase by up to S$30,000, depending on the size of the flat.
First-timer families are those who have not had any housing subsidies before. To be eligible for the grant, they should not earn more than S$14,000 a month, and they also should not have any private property.
The Government will also finetune its Build-to-Order (BTO) balloting to help specific groups, such as first-timer families with children and young married couples aged 40 and below who are buying their first home. The measures include giving them an additional ballot for their BTO flat applications.
3. More support for parents
The Baby Bonus Cash Gift will be increased by S$3,000 for eligible Singaporean children born from Tuesday.
The payout schedule will also be adjusted to provide financial support regularly every six months until the child turns six-and-a-half years old.
The Child Development Account (CDA) First Step Grant will be increased from S$3,000 to S$5,000. The Government will also increase its co-matching cap by S$1,000 for the first and second child.
Previously available to children born from Oct 1, 2020, to Sep 30, 2022, the S$3,000 Baby Support Grant will be extended to babies born from Oct 1, 2022, to Feb 13 this year.
Government-paid paternity leave will be doubled from two to four weeks for fathers of Singaporean children born from Jan 1, 2024.
Unpaid infant care leave will also be doubled for each parent in the child's first two years, from the current six days to 12 days per year.
For Singaporean children born or adopted from Jan 1, 2024, the Working Mother's Child Relief will be changed from a percentage of the mother's earned income to a fixed sum.
4. Central Provident Fund (CPF) monthly salary ceiling to be raised
The CPF monthly salary ceiling will be increased in stages from S$6,000 to S$8,000 by 2026, starting from September this year.
From September 2023, the CPF monthly salary ceiling will be raised by S$300 to S$6,300.
It will go up to S$6,800 from January 2024, S$7,400 from January 2025 and S$8,000 from January 2026.
There will be no change to the CPF annual salary ceiling.
5. Higher marginal Buyer's Stamp Duty for higher-value properties.
For residential properties, the portion of the value of the property in excess of S$1.5 million and up to S$3 million will be taxed at 5 per cent, while that in excess of S$3 million will be taxed at 6 per cent, up from the current rate of 4 per cent. The changes are expected to affect 15 per cent of residential properties.
For non-residential properties, the portion of the value of the property in excess of S$1 million and up to S$1.5 million will be taxed at 4 per cent, while that in excess of S$1.5 million will be taxed at 5 per cent, up from the current rate of 3 per cent. These changes are expected to affect 60 per cent of non-residential properties.
The Buyer's Stamp Duty regime changes will apply to all properties acquired from Wednesday.
6. Higher Additional Registration Fee (ARF) for cars
The ARF rates will be adjusted to better differentiate between the higher-end cars and tax luxury cars at a higher rate.
Buyers of cars with an Open Market Value (OMV) of more than S$40,000 will pay higher marginal ARF rates. In particular, for the highest OMV tier, the revised ARF rates will be 320 per cent, an increase from 220 per cent today.
The Preferential ARF rebates will be capped at S$60,000 to avoid providing excessive rebates to more expensive cars when they are deregistered.
The changes are expected to affect the top one-third of cars by OMV. Buyers of cars with an OMV of S$40,000 or less will be unaffected.
7. Higher tobacco tax
With effect from Tuesday, there will be a 15 per cent increase in tobacco excise duty across all tobacco products. The increase is expected to generate about S$100 million in additional revenue per year.